November 10, 2022 40 min read
Traditional Chinese Medicine or TCM has often been considered as the panacea for several health conditions. Among the many medications that have emerged out of TCM is Yunnan Baiyao, a proprietary Chinese formulation that is known to have medicinal properties. Prime among these properties is the ability to stop bleeding that may occur due to various reasons.
In this write-up, we provide a detailed and thorough perspective on Yunnan Baiyao. The objective is to create a one-stop repository of information related to Yunnan Baiyao that can be referenced repeatedly, whenever required.
Otherwise, although there is significant information around Yunnan Baiyao scattered all over the web, it is fragmented in nature with several disjointed ends. Thanks to this piece here on this page, you need not go back and forth to gauge all the multiple nuances around Yunnan Baiyao.
The primary question foremost on the minds of readers would be about the formulation of Yunnan Baiyao; what exactly it is, what does it contain, etc.
Alongside, people are also curious about the background of Yunnan Baiyao, how did the name come about, what is the history behind it, and so on.
We provide answers to all these questions in this section.
The exact formulation of Yunnan Baiyao is in fact a closely guarded secret to the extent that no one really knows it precisely. However, there is a reasonable amount of information widely available regarding its constituent ingredients that include:
Despite knowing about these ingredients, it is their proportion in the mix that remains a secret. Moreover, you will find Yunnan Baiyao formulations that list additional ingredients beyond the ones we have listed above.
It was back in 1902 that Qu Huanzhang, a well-known and respected practitioner of Chinese medicine in Jiangchuan County of Yunnan Province first formulated the medicine that we know today as Yunnan Baiyao. As folklore goes, Qu went about exploring the entire region in the quest for knowing more about the herbs that grow in the area. While on this pursuit, he is also said to have tasted hundreds of different herbs that he discovered during his exploratory expeditions.
Yunnan Baiyao was initially referred to as "Qu Huanzhang Panacea", a rather self-explanatory term, referring to a “cure it all” (panacea) formulated by Qu Huanzhang. It was only later on that it came to be known as “Yunnan Baiyao” as we refer to it today, which literally translates as “white medicine from Yunnan”. The background behind this is the white color of Yunnan Baiyao, coupled with the fact that it comes from the Yunnan province of China.
There are historical records alluding to the use of Yunnan Baiyao in combat conditions where its efficacy was well established. This includes the Battle of Taierzhuang in 1938 between Japanese and Chinese forces. It is said that the Chinese National Revolutionary Army got a donation in excess of 30,000 bottles of Yunnan Baiyao from Qu Huanzhang, thanks to which many soldiers managed to save their lives.
Another powerful story is about the Chinese army commander, Wu Xuexian. He was so seriously injured in his right leg during combat that the French Hospital in Kunming (the capital of Yunnan) where he was admitted recommended that it be amputated. Wu looked up to Qu for assistance who readily provided him with Yunnan Baiyao. Miraculously, this saved his leg, without having to be amputated.
The first attempt at trademarking Yunnan Baiyao was made by Qu himself in 1935, with a picture of himself. After Qu’s death, his wife, Liao Lanying handed over the formulation of Yunnan Baiyao to the Chinese government in 1956. This is when the larger-scale production of Yunnan Baiyao began to take shape, with the full-fledged Yunnan Baiyao Factory being set up in 1971.
However, attempts at patenting the brand or the formulation remained feeble at best. It was only in the late 1990s that there was a more diligent focus on IP protection since counterfeit products began to appear on the market and harm the business. Trademarks that were registered in due course include both “Yunnan Baiyao” as well as “Yunfeng”. Leading up to 2004, the company is noted to have spent almost one million Chinese yuan only on patent and trademark registration-related activities. By late 2005, the company is said to be in possession of as many as 40 design patents as well as 36 invention patents.
Now, as we have already mentioned above, the exact formulation of Yunnan Baiyao is a closely guarded trade secret. The company goes to great lengths to maintain secrecy, with the individual herbal ingredients being compounded together by as many as 13 unique teams, each of which has no clue about the ingredients being mixed by the other teams.
Having said that, a 2010 document from the FDA does provide additional insights on Yunnan Baiyao ingredients:
The primary benefit of Yunnan Baiyao that has proven its efficacy time and time again is its ability to stop bleeding. This not only includes exterior bleeding that occurs due to wounds or injuries but also internal bleeding that may happen due to reasons like cancer, among many others.
It is for this reason that Yunnan Baiyao has especially gained popularity among veterinarians eager to control bleeding in animals particularly dogs. As dogs age, their susceptibility to cancers like hemangiosarcoma starts to rise. This is a condition where internal bleeding is very common. Yunnan Baiyao proves particularly effective in controlling and managing such bleeding.
Several vets across the West have shared narratives about incredible ways in which Yunnan Baiyao came to the rescue when all other modes of controlling bleeding proved futile. Incredibly, this includes instances where dogs had intentionally or accidentally been shot, leading them to bleed profusely. The critical aspect to understand here is the fact that whether it is internal or external bleeding, time is of the absolute essence. Even the slightest delay in controlling the flow of blood and stopping it effectively can end up proving fatal in a lot of cases.
On its part, Yunnan Baiyao proves to be a panacea for bleeding – whether internal or external, particularly because it acts FAST. If it wasn’t for its agile potency, Yunnan Baiyao may not have had the kind of credible and solid reputation that it enjoys today, especially among veterinarians as well as several other medical practitioners.
We must stress the benefits of Yunnan Baiyao for humans. To give you an example, there are many cancers such as prostate or cervical cancer that cause internal bleeding. Yunnan Baiyao can potentially provide relief in such cases. Further, there are surgical procedures that also cause bleeding. A simplistic example would be any major oral operation or surgery. Again, in such instances as well, Yunnan Baiyao has proven its potency on several occasions.
Essentially, anytime we are looking at bleeding, whether internal or external, Yunnan Baiyao does end up providing relief. And this remains sacrosanct, whether it is dogs in question or humans. Yes, incrementally more research needs to be undertaken before we can conclusively administer Yunnan Baiyao to humans in medical situations. But given the stature of dogs in our lives as “man's best friend”, its usage for controlling bleeding in them continues to thrive.
While assessing the overall benefits of Yunnan Baiyao, it is fascinating to note the exemplary ways in which it particularly proves beneficial for dogs.
Notably, it has been seen that there is a two-pronged manner in which Yunnan Baiyao proves remarkably useful for dogs. On one hand, it has this miraculous ability to stop bleeding in dogs practically instantaneously; on the other, Yunnan Baiyao also ends up acting like a blood thinner (viz. an anti-coagulant, as it is known scientifically) that helps in dispersing blood clots while tremendously improving blood circulation at the same time.
Eventually, we find that Yunnan Baiyao finds usage for dogs in several ways:
Speculation is rife that Yunnan Baiyao could benefit dogs in other ways as well. As an example, it has been noted to provide relief for dogs suffering from terminal stage cancer. As more research is undertaken on its capabilities and overall proficiency, it is quite likely that additional benefits of Yunnan Baiyao for dogs would emerge.
As time passes and Yunnan Baiyao is administered to other animals, especially other domesticated pets such as cats, for example, there is every possibility that its efficacy will be proven in their case as well. In fact, even as we speak, reports have already surfaced online regarding its use on cats. Other animals that have had Yunnan Baiyao given to them under controlled environments for research as well as in real-time situations where the bleeding had to be controlled quickly include horses, rabbits, and mice.
The West has slowly but surely started to warm up to Yunnan Baiyao. While the progress has not been fast-paced, every instance where Yunnan Baiyao has proven its effectiveness has egged on others to adopt its usage.
We would especially point out the veterinarian community in the West that has taken to Yunnan Baiyao in a big way. This state of affairs is easy to understand when we consider the fact that pet ownership in the West is fairly high. Now, given the presence of such large numbers of pets across western households, medical requirements in them are bound to arise from time to time. This especially includes instances of both internal as well as external bleeding, due to cancers or injuries, respectively, among other factors.
We must also consider the fact that pets are adored and very well taken care of in these societies (especially, not that they are ill-treated, elsewhere!). Coupled with the fact that pets tend to have significantly shorter lifespans, especially in comparison to humans, medical situations where Yunnan Baiyao could be administered appear frequently. Pet owners, on their part, go all out to ensure that no stone is left unturned in providing medical relief to their beloved pets. In all such scenarios, if Yunnan Baiyao indeed proves to be the panacea, then so be it.
Going forward, we foresee a quantum leap in the adoption of Yunnan Baiyao towards managing bleeding effectively in pets. Vets in the West will continue to play a major role in this direction. Moreover, as research intensifies, Yunnan Baiyao will be used for a wider range of pets and animal species, beyond just dogs and a few other pets, that we see today.
Yunnan Baiyao is available both in capsules as well as powder form. Usually, there are 0.25 grams of Yunnan Baiyao in each capsule. The powdered form is typically offered in a four grams bottle.
Vets determine the dosage as well as the form of administration, based on the medical situation at hand. This is important because improperly administered Yunnan Baiyao could either not offer the benefits it is purported to, or in extreme cases, end up causing harm rather than good (although such a scenario is especially unlikely). Therefore, it is essential that propriety (based on medical evidence) is rigorously followed while administering Yunnan Baiyao.
Most often, Yunnan Baiyao dosage is a single 0.25 grams capsule for every 20 pounds, that is administered orally to the pet, two or three times in a single day. In case of active, internal bleeding, this dosage can be upped to four times a day. Once internal bleeding has stopped, dis same dosage can be brought back two or three times a day, every three to seven days. After this, an important consideration would be to manage the bleeding scenario, ensuring that it does not reoccur
As you might have noted, the weight of your pet does matter considerably. So, for example, if your pet weighs below 10 pounds, then a single, solitary capsule administered orally just once a day should suffice. Now, if your pet weighs in the range of 10 to 30 pounds, then that dosage should be doubled, viz. twice a day. If your pet weighs between 30 to 60 pounds, you can give it two capsules twice a day. For pets that weigh more than 60 pounds, 2 capsules of Yunnan Baiyao can be given thrice in a day. Apart from dogs, such a regimen applies in fairly equal measure to cats as well.
Regarding administration, in case of an external wound causing bleeding, Yunnan Baiyao powder can be applied directly to the wound. In case of internal bleeding, Yunnan Baiyao, of course, has to be administered orally. In the case of, say, splenic hemangiosarcoma that has been confirmed in a cat, Yunnan Baiyao can be used in its powder form. Giving it will be easier when put into gel capsules.
Remember that this is not always hard and fast. Administering Yunnan Baiyao to your pet must be done under medical supervision from your veterinarian. This is particularly true when you first initiate the process of giving Yunnan Baiyao to your pet. Once it has been administered several times, and you are aware of the dosage as well as the administration process, you can then possibly start giving Yunnan Baiyao to your pet on your own.
As we have asserted throughout this article, research is ongoing around the usefulness and efficacy of Yunnan Baiyao for humans. Of course, taking a historical perspective – in light of the wartime situations we described previously, where Yunnan Baiyao was said to have been used considerably, there is clear precedence of its apparent effectiveness. However, it is strongly recommended that suitable medical advice be sought before administering Yunnan Baiyao in humans.
Firstly, remember that the extent of injury/bleeding will determine whether Yunnan Baiyao is to be administered orally or superficially, viz. on the surface wound. For instance, even if the injury is external but it is only slight in nature, then orally administered Yunnan Baiyao should be just fine. The same would, of course, be true in case of any internal hemorrhage scenario.
In case of serious external injuries, we do need to consider the cause behind them and administer Yunnan Baiyao accordingly. Mostly though, you will find that Yunnan Baiyao will predominantly be administered orally in such cases as well. The difference, in all likelihood, will simply be the way in which it is taken. As an example, if the causal factor behind the injury happens to be a gunshot or a knife attack, or perhaps even metrorrhagia/menorrhagia, then taking Yunnan Baiyao orally with warm water would be the ideal way forward.
Where blood has stagnated or the presence of gynecopathy disease has been detected, then Yunnan Baiyao could be taken with wine. The same would be true in case pain and swelling are intense. Another instance where Yunnan Baiyao finds application is in the case of a venom scenario such as a snake bite. The usual 0.25 grams dosage should suffice in such instances. You can consider mixing Yunnan Baiyao with wine and then apply straight onto the affected area.
In instances where you are certain that the inflicted injury is in fact minimal, then Yunnan Baiyao could be administered orally. This would remain true for internal hemorrhage cases as well; at the same time, do ensure that you get the prior opinion of a medical practitioner in this context.
As far as the usual dosage of Yunnan Baiyao in the case of oral administration goes, age does play a factor. For most adults – and for what can broadly be termed as “regular bleeding scenarios” faced during day-to-day life, say an injury incurred while playing, then anywhere between one to two capsules given each time over four times a day should suffice. In children though, the recommended dosage is less. Specifically, it is a fourth of the above-mentioned dosage (viz. once a day) in the case of kids between the ages of 2 to 5 years. For children between 6 to 12 years of age, the recommended dosage would be half that of the regular one, viz. twice a day.
Across all of these scenarios, always remember to keep the red pill, also referred to as the “insurance pill” supplied along with every Yunnan Baiyao medication, handy. Anytime there's a scenario where the injury incurred is traumatic, possibly leading to severe bleeding, this red pill can be administered straight away.
Appreciating the effectiveness of Yunnan Baiyao requires that you get a sense of the science behind it. Again, we will stress the fact that much of the research is ongoing with several scientific facts yet to come out.
At the same time, it is clear that Yunnan Baiyao has a positive impact on the coagulation system, especially in pets such as dogs. Speculation is rife in that it plays a vital role on platelets, particularly the surface glycoproteins that are present on them. All this clearly points towards robust hemostatic properties present in Yunnan Baiyao.
Alongside, in addition to its ability to stop bleeding fast, Yunnan Baiyao is said to inherently possess unique abilities to fight cancer and inflammation, especially in animals. Scientific studies on dogs have pointed towards positive results in this direction. Specifically, with increased doses of Yunnan Baiyao, treatment of canine hemangiosarcoma improved considerably. The conclusion was that Yunnan Baiyao helped kill hemangiosarcoma cancer cells.
Other scientific studies pointed towards a reasonably definitive correlation between the use of Yunnan Baiyao and the tendency to mitigate bleeding. Taking a wide range of parameters into consideration, and also including healthy dogs in the study, it was apparent that thanks to Yunnan Baiyao, blood coagulation was better that allowed bleeding to be stopped faster. There are still other instances where dogs suffering from heart problems have also benefited from the administration of Yunnan Baiyao.
Overall, there is a reasonable degree of certainty around the efficacy and effectiveness of Yunnan Baiyao, especially for dogs. As we have reiterated throughout this article, more studies need to be conducted on other animals before conclusive efficacy for them can be deduced. In the case of humans, the research and tests required to be undertaken are even greater. The fact remains though that, in all likelihood, Yunnan Baiyao does assist in stopping and managing bleeding in various species.
As research has shown, when it comes to Yunnan Baiyao for dog, the TCM provides relief across a number of diseases that tend to inflict them.
In this section, we take up several such diseases, taking a closer look at each of them while providing information on the way in which Yunnan Baiyao provides relief.
This is a medical condition in dogs where Yunnan Baiyao likely finds maximum usage. Hemangiosarcoma is essentially an aggressive form of cancer in dogs where malignant tumors form in their blood vessels.
Since there are various kinds of hemangiosarcoma, identifying the causes involves looking into the hemangiosarcoma type. Dermal hemangiosarcoma, viz. hemangiosarcoma that affects the skin can potentially be associated with increased exposure to the sun. Although exceedingly rare, this similar cancer has also been seen in humans where exposure to chemicals like vinyl chloride has potentially been seen as a causal factor. Additionally, dermal hemangiosarcoma has been noted to occur more frequently in certain dog breeds than others, implying a possible genetic link.
Other kinds of hemangiosarcoma seen in dogs include visceral hemangiosarcoma of the heart as well as of the spleen, along with subcutaneous i.e., hypodermal hemangiosarcoma, below the skin. It is difficult to ascribe specific causal factors behind such cancers.
Since this is a type of cancer that occurs internally, often there are no obvious external symptoms. And, of course, your dog cannot verbally express the pain or discomfort that it may be feeling! However, pet owners can gauge uneasiness in their pets; taking them to vets for a thorough checkup proves to be the ideal way forward since that way, hemangiosarcoma, if present, can be detected.
Having said that, bleeding is an obvious symptom of possible hemangiosarcoma. This usually occurs when the tumor ruptures. Unfortunately, this occurs at an advanced stage of cancer where treatment is considerably harder. It is quite possible that prior to the tumor rupturing, there won't be any other symptoms to keep you forewarned.
Otherwise, there could be bleeding that you can see, a visible lump below your dog’s skin, your dog may experience difficulty in breathing, it could experience seizures, you might notice your dog to be weaker than usual, you might find your dog to be in a state of depression, etc. These are all symptoms to watch out for.
In fact, a lot depends on where the tumor is located. If it is in the heart, for example, fluid could start accumulating around its heart which is a condition referred to as pericardial effusion. In such a scenario, you are likely to witness symptoms such as considerable weakness that can even lead up to a complete collapse, pronounced difficulties in breathing, as well as a general inability to perform or tolerate any kind of exercise.
There could be other instances where the tumor may be located possibly in the liver or spleen. In this instance too, if the tumor ruptures, there would be internal bleeding. In case this happens, you would notice symptoms like profound weakness and possible anemia. In case the bleeding is excessive, your dog could simply collapse. You may also notice your dog’s gums to have turned white or pale. A silver lining amidst all the suffering that dogs with hemangiosarcoma where the tumor is located either in the spleen or the liver are that diagnosis could possibly occur prior to the tumor rupturing.
Some other locations where the tumor may occur include in a bone as well as in the skin. Bone tumors are usually manifest by the dog’s behavior since they cause extreme discomfort and pain. Skin tumors, on the other hand, can be recognized in the form of a lump or a mass that may be appearing below the skin.
Against the backdrop of all the symptoms that we described above, anytime you notice any of the above-mentioned symptoms in your dog, make sure to take it to the vet at the earliest. It is your vet who will perform a thorough examination for the possible occurrence of hemangiosarcoma.
There are many aspects to look out for that may be indicative of hemangiosarcoma. These include abdominal swelling, checking for possible signs of anemia such as gums that have turned visibly pale, as well as collecting blood from your dog to check in case there are blood clots forming.
Of course, these are all cursory external examinations. Depending on the kind of red flags that are noticed, thorough lab tests are recommended, including but not limited to urinalysis, complete blood count, radiography viz. x-rays taken of the abdomen and chest area, as well as a chemistry panel.
It is a combination of the initial examination plus laboratory tests that allow any conclusive diagnoses to be made. As an example, even when hemangiosarcoma has been positively identified, whether or not it has metastasized will only be confirmed with the help of x-rays. This will also help identify the organs that may have been impacted as well as the extent to which that has happened, if so.
All too frequently, biopsies are required to be conducted. Definitive diagnoses often involve removing the tumor which is no mean feat since there could be multiple tumors present. In such a scenario, it may also prove challenging to figure out the location of the primary tumor. Finally, do bear in mind the fact that all such surgical procedures come with prolific risk, particularly of profound hemorrhage.
As we have reiterated throughout this article, Yunnan Baiyao helps in managing to bleed effectively. With hemangiosarcoma, chances of internal bleeding are particularly high. They intensify as cancer advances. The good thing about Yunnan Baiyao is that it proves effective in reducing bleeding. When bleeding is mild, Yunnan Baiyao is capable enough to stop it altogether.
This has a direct impact on overall cancer management since taking care of the bleeding helps reduce the size of the tumor in several cases. The important aspect to keep in mind is that hemangiosarcoma affects a number of dog breeds, especially mid to large-sized ones. Across all these cases, bleeding is a common occurrence. And in every such instance, Yunnan Baiyao proves effective in managing the bleeding appropriately. Scientific studies such as this one prove the efficacy of Yunnan Baiyao in stopping or reducing bleeding induced by hemangiosarcoma.
Mast cell tumors are one of the most common kinds of skin cancers seen in dogs. Typically, they appear as lumps that could progressively worsen to form sores on your dog’s body, especially on its legs.
There could be umpteen causes behind the occurrence of mast cell tumors in your beloved pet. Prolonged exposure to the sun has been frequently identified as a common cause. Other notable causes include genetics that is practically beyond the control of anyone as well as viruses like papillomavirus. As strange as it may seem, your pet's tendency to lick excessively could also potentially lead to the formation of mast cell tumors. This is largely to do with the fact that such behavior tends to promote cell growth, which is one of the primary tenets of cancer.
Being a type of skin cancer, mast cell tumors manifest themselves in a manner that they are easier to identify. A common symptom is the appearance of lumps on practically any part of your dog’s body, especially the legs. This is particularly true when the lumps start to get worse to form sores. Anytime you notice lumps on your dog’s body that clearly seem to be getting worse, get your pet thoroughly examined at a vet.
As alluded to above, the appearance of lumps that seem to get worse by becoming sores is a reasonable pointer towards a mast cell tumors diagnosis. Since there could possibly be other reasons behind such an occurrence, getting your pet thoroughly examined by a professional veterinarian is the right course of action for making an accurate mast cell tumors diagnosis.
As with most cancers, mast cell tumors cause bleeding, both internal and external. As bleeding intensifies, the chances of something serious happening to your pet increase significantly. Therefore, the key is to manage the bleeding effectively. It is in scenarios like these that Yunnan Baiyao proves to be a virtual godsend since it does an outstanding job in managing the bleeding appropriately. This in turn has a profoundly positive impact on overall cancer management as well.
Lymphoma in dogs occurs when malignant lymphocytes become rampant across any of several internal organs such as the spleen, liver, gastrointestinal tract, or lymph nodes. Instances of lymphoma have also been noted to occur in the skin or the eyes of dogs.
As research has shown, lymphoma in dogs is largely driven by genetics. Moreover, some dog breeds are more susceptible to lymphoma than others. For instance, golden retrievers are well known for being especially prone to lymphoma. Rottweilers, German shepherds, Boxers, Bulldogs, and beagles have also been found to be prone to lymphoma.
Now, besides genetics as well as the breed in question, the environment also ends up playing a significant role. In particular, it has been found that the herbicide 2,4-D could potentially cause lymphoma in dogs, although more research is required to be conducted on this front before any definitive conclusion can be arrived at.
There could be several symptoms indicative of lymphoma in dogs. Some of these include unexplained and sudden loss of your dog’s hair or fur, weight loss, persistent fever, vomiting, as well as a noticeable change in behavior – especially the onset of depression.
Further, lymphoma is one of the primary drivers of high blood calcium levels, a condition scientifically known as hypercalcemia. This has its own set of symptoms that include cardiac arrhythmias, frequent urination (more than the norm), and excess thirst. Therefore, if at all you notice such hypercalcemic tendencies in your pet, do keep the possibility of lymphoma at the back of your mind.
Depending on the organs where lymphoma has manifested itself, there could be visible symptoms too. For example, the peripheral lymph nodes may get enlarged. In case it is the spleen or the liver that has been impacted, you could see a protrusion in your dog’s abdomen. Finally, although rather rare, lymphoma of the skin could be identified through symptoms such as significant portions of your dog’s skin having unexplained bruises or ulcers, with an additional possibility of suddenly turning hairless.
The extensive range of symptoms we alluded to above would help you make a fairly accurate diagnosis of lymphoma in dogs. But remember that these symptoms are only indicative of the possibility of lymphoma. A definitive diagnosis can only be made through multiple tests that involve biopsies, laboratory tests, ultrasound examinations, as well as X-rays, over and above the physical tests and symptoms, we described.
As with some of the other cancers and medical conditions we discussed above, Yunnan Baiyao plays a vital role in effectively managing bleeding related to lymphoma. As an example, the onset of lymphoma often necessitates advanced surgical procedures as well as chemotherapy. Internal bleeding is quite common during such treatments. Yunnan Baiyao helps manage such bleeding in the most effective way possible.
Further, as we mentioned above, lymphoma of the skin has a profound, visible impact on the exterior, including in the form of ulcers and bruises. These are situations where you are quite likely to find external bleeding. In such scenarios too, Yunnan Baiyao proves particularly effective.
Osteosarcoma is essentially bone cancer, mostly affecting longer bones of the arms and legs though it can affect other areas such as the pelvis, hips, or jaw as well. Osteosarcoma also has the ability to affect non-bone tissue in organs such as the kidneys, liver, or spleen.
It is typically rather difficult to pinpoint a particular reason for the emergence of osteosarcoma. Yes, genetic factors are likely to be involved but not in isolation; the environment also plays a significant role.
Osteosarcoma tends to appear in certain dog breeds more frequently than others, especially large-sized ones like Greyhounds, German shepherds, Great Danes, Boxers, Golden Retrievers, and Rottweilers, among others. Therefore, while ascribing causal factors for osteosarcoma, do consider the dog breed in question.
Osteosarcoma often manifests itself as a prominent swelling on the arms or the legs. This is undoubtedly one of the most obvious symptoms of the disease. Alongside, do you notice your pet frequently be in immense pain? Unfortunately, the onset of osteosarcoma brings with it a lot of pain, which is another common symptom of cancer. Additional signs to look out for include loss of appetite, an unexplained and possibly sudden lethargy in behavior, and the likelihood of your pet becoming lame (such as, suddenly walking with a limp).
The symptoms mentioned above certainly help in making a diagnosis for what could potentially be osteosarcoma. But definitive conclusions are usually drawn based on more advanced tests and examinations. For instance, x-rays prove to be particularly useful in identifying osteosarcoma, especially if there are other behavioral pointers towards the possible prevalence of the disease.
Bone biopsy is another useful way to diagnose osteosarcoma effectively. Finally, anytime a lesion is believed to have occurred, a fine needle aspiration proves especially useful for an accurate diagnosis.
What stands out in the case of osteosarcoma in comparison to other illnesses, including other cancers, is the immense physical pain that it causes. Among the many reasons for this pain to emerge is internal bleeding. As we have already described throughout this piece, Yunnan Baiyao proves instrumental in managing to bleed effectively.
Remember that Yunnan Baiyao has a catalytic impact on cancer treatment, including when mainstream procedures like chemotherapy are ongoing. Therefore, using Yunnan Baiyao alongside other treatment mechanisms being deployed only proves beneficial. This remains true in the case of surgical procedures being used for treating or managing cancer in dogs as well, especially since the chances of bleeding are quite high.
Unbeknownst to many, brain tumors can occur in dogs with as much likelihood as they do in humans. Often, their origins lie in meningiomas which are the membranes that cover the brain. Dolichocephalic dog breeds like the Collie, with a long nose and head, are especially susceptible to such tumors.
There is no one particular reason that can be ascribed to cause brain tumors in dogs. Usually, it is a multiplicity of factors including genes, environment, diet, stress, and even the possibility of exposure to certain kinds of viruses.
Brain tumors in dogs are especially difficult to identify because their symptoms can be akin to other diseases, leading to false diagnoses.
At the same time, symptoms do tend to vary, depending on the kind of tumor at hand. For instance, in the case of forebrain tumors, you might notice neurological changes in your pet that can lead to a general state of confusion in its behavior, particularly manifested by a tendency of forgetfulness. You might also notice your pet dog suddenly go into a state of depression. In case your dog happens to press its head frequently against the wall, take that as a sign of possible forebrain tumors.
Other kinds of brain tumors in dogs can lead to muscle atrophy, viz. head muscles end up shrinking. This has consistently been noted to be true in the case of trigeminal nerve sheath tumors.
Some symptoms that may allude to brain tumors but may actually be caused by the vestibular disease include an unusual eye position, losing the sense of balance, constant twitching of the head, as well as frequent head tilting.
As with the majority of other diseases, the ideal way to diagnose brain tumors in dogs is to get them thoroughly examined by veterinarians. This would especially be the right way forward when you notice any of the symptoms we described above.
Usual diagnostic tests and examinations including x-rays, MRI scans, CT scans, and blood tests ultimately paint an accurate picture of the presence of brain tumors, or otherwise.
In line with the way Yunnan Baiyao provides relief in case of many other diseases in dogs, especially cancers, it helps in instances of brain tumors as well. This is especially true during the treatment phase when there could be painful and traumatic chemotherapy or surgical procedures being conducted.
Remember that treatment for brain tumors in dogs could lead to internal bleeding. Yunnan Baiyao can help in significantly controlling such bleeding.
Bladder cancer is especially common in certain dog breeds like Terriers and Sheepdogs. It tends to be aggressive in nature and can quickly spread to other organs, especially the urinary tract, and possibly even the lungs and lymph nodes.
Bladder cancer is typical of three types:
As we mentioned above, bladder cancer is innate to certain dog breeds. Further, age is a factor with older dogs of any breed being more prone to it. Gender is also a factor with female dogs more likely to be affected by bladder cancer.
Some environmental factors can also be at play here. A potential correlation between the use of certain kinds of insecticides and pesticides in areas frequented by afflicted dogs has been found.
Bladder cancer symptoms often mirror signs of other medical conditions particularly urinary tract infections. They include blood in the urine, frequent urination and thirst, intense pain in the back of the abdominal region, a tendency to be lethargic, swelling or redness around the urethra opening, as well as vomiting.
As cancer intensifies, these symptoms also tend to aggravate. Eventually, your dog may simply be unable to move around and in extreme cases, might display anti-social behavior.
Many dog owners do end up confusing bladder cancer symptoms with urinary tract infections. This is especially true since the signs are similar in both cases.
Therefore, to make an accurate diagnosis, a number of appropriate tests are recommended including a thorough urine test and analysis, an antigen test for bladder tumors, a smear test of urine sediment cells, an ultrasound of the entire urinary system, as well as a biopsy wherever required.
Since these deaths are relatively straightforward and common, there should not be any concern. Do keep in mind though that typical biopsies do tend to be invasive in nature. That is the reason, a newer and more advanced test to detect TCC or Transitional Cell Carcinoma in the bladders of dogs, called Cadet BRAF, is being deployed with significant accuracy in its results.
Remember that bladder cancer in dogs is frequently detected at an advanced stage. At this juncture, usual cancer treatments like chemotherapy, cryotherapy, radiation therapy, and surgery have to be relied upon.
Yunnan Baiyao is effective as far as managing the occurrent bleeding is concerned. Surgical procedures especially lead to internal and external bleeding; Yunnan Baiyao plays a pivotal role in managing that as effectively as possible.
Affecting female dogs, of course, mammary carcinoma can form both malignant and benign tumors. In most cases, this cancer is detected rather casually when owners either groom or pet their dogs. Unfortunately, at least half of memory carcinoma cases end up proving to be malignant.
Mammary carcinoma is primarily linked to hormones. As a result, spaying your female dog early on in her life can help mitigate the risk of developing mammary carcinoma later on. Some other external causes have also been identified including giving your dog hormones like progestins and obesity.
As we mentioned above, pet owners are likely to visibly notice symptoms of mammary carcinoma. At the same time, some clinical signs do manifest themselves including heightened thirst or urination, loss of appetite, and rather a sudden onset of lethargy.
You might also notice some swelling on the skin or limbs of your pet.
Biopsies prove to be the most effective way in accurately diagnosing mammary carcinoma cases. Alongside, routine examinations including physical examinations, blood tests, urine analysis, and abdominal imaging prove invaluable towards a correct diagnosis of mammary carcinoma.
In late-stage cases, where metastasis may already have set in, thoracic radiographs prove useful for an accurate diagnosis.
Treatment for most instances of mammary carcinoma involves advanced, painful surgery. Other treatment procedures include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, as well as hormonal therapy.
No doubt, every such treatment procedure is painful in nature, with the possibility of both internal and external bleeding. It is precisely in such instances that Yunnan Baiyao proves particularly effective in suitably managing the bleeding that is bound to occur.
This is a disorder that affects the mononuclear phagocyte system. Unfortunately, in most cases, it proves fatal. Due to its progressive nature, the affliction ultimately ends up affecting multiple organs.
This is a relatively rare disease, affecting a small number of dogs. It tends to disproportionately affect older dogs. Moreover, breeds like the Bernese Mountain dog are most susceptible to the disease. Other breeds that may occasionally be affected by it include Rottweilers and Retrievers.
Considering the above aspects, pointing out specific causes for the occurrence of malignant histiocytosis is a formidable challenge.
Frequently witnessed symptoms of malignant histiocytosis include sudden weight loss, pancytopenia, CNS disease, lymph adenomegaly, and lethargy. Closer examination of your pet could reveal lesions in organs like the kidneys, bones, liver, as well as CNS or Central Nervous System.
Dermatohistopathology and cytology prove to be appropriate ways in which malignant histiocytosis can be diagnosed.
As we mentioned, malignant histiocytosis invariably proves fatal. Treatment methods like chemotherapy only help in delaying the inevitable. Of course, this treatment period proves particularly difficult for your pet to endure. Bleeding is quite common as is extreme pain.
Across all of this, Yunnan Baiyao proves priceless in mitigating the pain and managing the bleeding as best as possible.
This is essentially a tumor that develops in skin cells. Our skins, whether human or animal – including dogs, has many layers. The squamous layer is at the top, and this is where tumors start to emerge in the case of squamous cell carcinoma. Therefore, it can affect practically any part of the dog’s body, on its squamous skin.
As with most cancers, it is invariably a multiplicity of factors that lead to it. For instance, excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays of the sun could be a causal factor, the same way it is in the case of squamous cell carcinoma in humans. Similarly, exposure to papilloma kind of viruses has also been attributed as a causal factor.
Certain dog breeds have also been noted as more susceptible to squamous cell carcinoma. They include Norwegian Elkhounds, Scottish Terriers, Poodles, and Boxer Dogs, to name a few.
Being a cancer of the skin, this is relatively easier to spot and identify. You will especially notice lesions on lighter portions of your dog’s skin. At the same time, because these lesions can be of so many diverse kinds, they are not always easily identified as being symptomatic of squamous cell carcinoma.
Frequently, squamous cell carcinoma appears on dog toes. These tend to be especially painful and can lead to immense discomfort in your pet. As a result, you are likely to notice behavioral changes such as lethargy, unwillingness to go for a walk, and more.
Biopsies and Fine Needle Aspiration (FNA) are usually two of the best ways to accurately diagnose squamous cell carcinoma cases. If you notice any of the above-mentioned symptoms in your dog, it is recommended that you take it to a veterinary pathologist who will conduct these tests to confirm (or rule out) the occurrence of squamous cell carcinoma.
As we mentioned previously, squamous cell carcinoma is, unfortunately, a very painful form of cancer. Depending on the area that is afflicted, your dog could be in excruciating pain. The toes are frequently affected by squamous cell carcinoma, which is an agonizingly painful experience.
There can be bleeding well before any treatment procedure is initiated. Yunnan Baiyao provides immense relief from the outset. Further, once treatment has begun, Yunnan Baiyao makes a world of difference in managing internal bleeding effectively to minimize pain and suffering.
Unfortunately, this is a rather common cancer seen in many dog breeds. Age is certainly a factor here since mouth and nose cancer tends to afflict older dogs. At the same time, it can affect younger dogs as well.
To date, specific causes behind reasons for the occurrence of mouth and nose cancer in dogs have not been distinctly identified. Therefore, it would only be a matter of conjecture as to what are the causes behind such cancer in dogs.
At the same time, old age can be considered to be a factor.
Before we get to specify the symptoms of mouth and nose cancer in dogs, it would be pertinent to mention that oral cancers in them commonly tend to be of three types – fibrosarcoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and melanoma.
All three types of these oral cancers tend to have similar symptoms including:
Remember that all these symptoms may be indicative of other medical conditions as well. Therefore, a prompt and thorough examination by a vet is warranted, as soon as you notice any of these symptoms in your dog.
In case you have noticed any of the above-mentioned symptoms in your dog, a professional veterinarian will first perform a thorough physical examination of your dog’s mouth and nose.
Urine analysis and blood tests will also have to be undertaken to confirm the possible occurrence of mouth and nose cancer in your dog. X-ray images of its chest are taken to confirm in case cancer has spread. Finally, biopsies confirm the exact type of cancer that may have occurred.
This is a dog cancer type where internal and external bleeding is common. Both the mouth as well as the nose can manifest sufficient bleeding. As you have already noted by now, Yunnan Baiyao is extremely potent in its ability to manage to bleed effectively.
In this instance, not only does the exterior application of Yunnan Baiyao prove beneficial, ingesting oral Yunnan Baiyao Capsules also proves extremely useful.
Melanoma cancer in dogs alludes to tumors that begin from pigment cells (melanocytes) in the body. In dogs, they can occur in multiple places including the mouth, practically anywhere on the skin, as well as on the toes. Thankfully, most skin Melanoma cases in dogs tend to be benign, with the exception of the nail bed and oral ones.
Most research on this front points towards a combination of environmental factors and genes. Moreover, there are some dog breeds more predisposed towards Melanoma than others. These include Cocker Spaniels, Boston Terriers, Scottish Terriers, and Doberman Pinschers.
Almost any part of a dog’s skin is susceptible to Melanoma. Yes, oral melanomas are especially quite common. The way these melanomas manifest themselves tend to vary significantly. Depending on the afflicted area, you may notice an unusual growth that is solitary in nature. It might appear to be dark in color, while also being colorless and hairless on many occasions.
Biopsies prove to be the most effective way in accurately diagnosing melanomas in dogs. They are significant also because even after cancer has been diagnosed, knowing its stage is crucial since that will determine the overall treatment regimen.
Besides the initial physical examination, additional tests conducted to check for Melanoma in dogs include urinalysis, chest X-rays, blood chemistry profile, and an analysis of the lymph nodes.
Melanomas in dogs are particularly very painful. External lesions are common with visible bleeding. Yunnan Baiyao can play a vital role in alleviating this pain. Oral ingestion of Yunnan Baiyao capsules in tandem with the local application at affected areas proves especially beneficial.
Obviously occurring in male dogs only, testicular cancer is, unfortunately, one of the most common kinds of genital tumors seen in dogs. Since many male dogs are neutered or castrated relatively early on, a lot of them avoid this kind of cancer due to the absence of testicles.
Like a lot of the other cancers that we have discussed in this article, it is difficult to pinpoint the causes of testicular cancer. They are likely to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Age is certainly a factor since it largely affects older dogs.
The way the testicles come down from the belly also seems to have a say in the likelihood of testicular cancer occurrence. Specifically, it has been observed that in case either one or both the testicles do not come down from the cavity of the belly, the likelihood of developing cancer is high.
Finally, the breed in question also seems to have an influence on the probability of dogs ending up with this cancer. Boxers, Afghan Hounds, and Collides come across as more prone to the disease.
Uneven testicles with one of them being larger than the other are often a sign of testicular cancer among unneutered dogs. These are often seminomas. There are also Sertoli cell tumors where there is not only swelling in the scrotal and testicular area but also the abdominal parts of your dog’s body.
Additionally, there are behavioral symptoms indicative of testicular cancer. These include anemia, hair loss, an enlarged prostate, as well as a propensity for attracting fellow male dogs.
Since visible signs are common in testicular cancer in dogs, it is relatively easier to diagnose. At the same time, veterinarians perform a series of physical examinations and tests including biopsies to be sure of the occurrence of testicular cancer, and if so, its extent or stage.
Testicular cancer in dogs can frequently lead to bleeding in and around the testicles. This is besides internal bleeding once cancer has metastasized or during treatment. Yunnan Baiyao for dog can make an enormous difference in alleviating this bleeding and therefore the pain that it causes.
It is rather unfortunate that there can be a gamut of reasons for which dogs can bleed from their paw nails. In some cases, the reasons are purely environmental such as the possibly rough surface on which they run around, causing their paws to bleed.
Alongside, there are fungal and bacterial infections that may also cause bleeding paw nails. Ingrown nails in some dogs have also been known to cause bleeding.
As mentioned above, there can be several reasons behind bleeding paw nails in dogs. To cite an instance beyond the examples of situations we have already mentioned above, some dogs end up with injured nailbeds that affect the nails themselves. When your dog scratches or licks these areas, it only aggravates the situation causing bleeding.
The weather also plays a vital role as far as the propensity to bleed around the paws is concerned. Harsh, chilly weather can lead to frostbites and thus bleeding.
Finally, some dogs – and some dog breeds tend to be more delicate in nature. As a result, they are more prone to bleeding paw nails.
Visible bleeding in your dog’s paws is an obvious symptom. You might also notice your dog limp as a result of a possible injury and subsequent pain. This is especially true when damage has been done to the nails or footpad.
Since a lot of bleeding paw nails are caused either by abrasions or lacerations, you need to look out for them as symptoms.
Determining the source of bleeding in your dog’s paws goes a long way in making an accurate diagnosis of the problem. Remember that the bleeding can be moderate to severe. In relatively milder cases, you can address the bleeding on your own. If the bleeding is severe, it is recommended that you take your pet to the vet who can perform a series of tests for an accurate diagnosis.
Since this is a case of obvious and visible bleeding, Yunnan Baiyao can clearly make a positive difference. Apply Yunnan Baiyao liberally to the affected areas. The bleeding should stop soon. Even if you find the bleeding to be acute, Yunnan Baiyao is likely to help stop it.
Yunnan Baiyao for dog in this instance can also be given for oral ingestion. Together, you should see the bleeding cease rather quickly.
Just as we humans are prone to epistaxis (nosebleed), so are our beloved pet dogs. Nosebleeds in dogs can occur from the nasopharynx, which is the upper part of the throat, as well as the nasal cavity, and the nostrils.
Upper respiratory tract infections commonly cause nosebleeds in dogs. They can also be the result of trauma faced by your pet. There can also be other, more serious reasons behind the occurrence of nosebleeds in dogs. Their causes are best left to expert professionals to determine.
Since bleeding, in this case, is visible and obvious, it is relatively easy to identify. Moreover, it is also about behavioral and bodily patterns post bleeding that make things apparent. For instance, dogs commonly end up swallowing the blood that is bleeding from their nose. As a result, they end up with darker stool call melena.
Further, you might also notice blood clots in vomit which is referred to as hematemesis.
A thorough diagnosis is best left to professional vets. Since there could be many reasons behind the nosebleed that is being seen, the vet could check for:
It is only after a thorough examination is conducted along all these fronts that an appropriate diagnosis can be made.
Epistaxis in dogs is yet another instance where Yunnan Baiyao can help massively. After all, this is another instance where the bleeding is clearly visible and apparent.
As with some of the other instances that we cited previously, a mix of local application combined with oral ingestion of Yunnan Baiyao capsules can help mitigate the bleeding rather quickly.
As with the previous instance of nosebleeds, dogs can suffer from bleeding gums the same way we humans do. There could be an entire barrage of reasons for which your dog may experience bleeding gums. We look at some of them below.
Often, bleeding gums in dogs are caused by chewing hard items. These could be bones, toys, or even sticks that your dog may have picked up in its mouth. Also think about the inherent curiosity present in all dogs about foreign objects, coupled with the fact that they don't have limbs to hold such items in their “hands,” the way we humans do. Invariably, evaluating any novel item implies putting it into the mouth. Depending on what that item is, it can lead to oral damage including bleeding gums.
There are other health reasons as well that can cause bleeding gums in dogs. They include systemic diseases that may have led to inflammation. Such inflammation can also be caused by poor oral hygiene – something, you as a responsible pet owner are majorly responsible for.
While you might think that since it is a case of bleeding gums, they would easily be visible and obvious to you. Unfortunately, that is not always the case. Often, bleeding gums start off subtly. In fact, there could be other symptoms indicative of bleeding gums:
Of course, in case the bleeding is severe, you might notice blood drooling from the mouth or on surfaces/objects that your dog places in its mouth.
The more severe the bleeding, the easier it will be for you to diagnose the presence of bleeding gums. However, in case you notice any of the above-mentioned symptoms, professional intervention from a vet is necessitated. This is especially true because bleeding gums – or oral bleeding could be indicative of other, more serious problems.
That is the reason, multiple tests are conducted including X-rays, MRIs, surgical biopsies, and CT scans. These are in addition to physical examinations that are done, along with tissue samples and fecal/urinal tests that are conducted.
Bleeding gums in dogs are yet another situation where the bleeding is external and manifests in most cases. Therefore, Yunnan Baiyao can be applied directly to the gums to stop bleeding. Even if the bleeding is severe, Yunnan Baiyao can work its magic rather quickly.
Moreover, as we have reiterated throughout this article, when it comes to Yunnan Baiyao for dog, giving oral capsules of the TCM can also help in stopping/managing the bleeding effectively.
Hyphema refers to bleeding in the eyes. Uveitis could be a reason behind it, as could factors such as retinal tears or glaucoma. This condition is best understood as a hemorrhage that occurs between the iris and the cornea of the eyes, filling that area up with blood.
Besides some of the possible reasons we cited above, hyphema in dogs could be caused by tumors like intraocular neoplasia, ingestion of rat poison, hyperviscosity, systemic high blood pressure, coagulation abnormalities, as well as any major trauma that your pet has faced/is facing.
Since hyphema causes redness in the eyes, its symptoms are rather obvious. You could also notice cloudiness in your dog’s eyes. Your dog might experience pain in its eyes. In case your dog starts bumping into objects repeatedly, that may be a sign of loss of vision caused by hyphema. Finally, you might also notice a sudden tendency to constantly keep its eyes closed.
While redness or bleeding in your dog’s eyes would be clearly visible, it is better that you have a vet perform a thorough diagnosis to confirm or disregard the occurrence of hyphema. While consulting your vet, it is strongly recommended that you candidly discuss your pet's medical history, including any recent vaccinations that may have been done, or perhaps any supplements that may have been given to it.
Your vet will perform a thorough examination, checking your pet's blood pressure, pupil reaction time, the color of its mucus membranes, as well as its overall reflexes. Additional tests will also have to be conducted including cytology, tonometry, X-rays, ocular ultrasound, as well as a fluorescein stain test. Urinalysis would also be done in most cases.
Given that this is a medical condition where there's bleeding inside the eyes, the local application of Yunnan Baiyao is an unlikely scenario. Instead, oral ingestion of Yunnan Baiyao is the ideal way forward.
The good thing about administering Yunnan Baiyao in this instance is the fact that it brings about relief to your pet rather quickly, especially given the pain and discomfort that hyphema causes.
Many dogs experience bleeding from the rectum. While some instances can be minor - perhaps simply a case of your dog rubbing its butt on a rough surface leading to temporary bleeding, it can be a serious matter in other situations.
While above we hinted at a more simplistic situation leading to bleeding from the rectum, there could be other, medically serious matters at hand. For example, intestinal tumors might be driving bleeding from the rectum. In other cases, the anal glands could be affected.
Some other medical conditions causing bleeding from the rectum include proctitis which is inflammation of your dog’s anus as well as its rectal lining. A bowel disease called canine ulcerative colitis also causes such bleeding. Finally, rectal bleeding has also been seen in cases of severe constipation where your dog strains itself to defecate.
Notably, this is a phenomenon more commonly observed in smaller-sized dogs.
Besides visible bleeding, you will notice your pet to be in an obvious state of discomfort. It will come across as nervous and possibly wish to pass stools frequently. If your dog is toilet trained well and does its “business” outside, then you will notice your dog urging you to take it out, rather often.
Other behavioral symptoms include unwillingness to eat as well as a propensity to vomit.
It is strongly recommended that anytime you notice bleeding from the rectum in your dog, you take it to the vet as soon as possible. Your vet will perform a thorough examination to determine the causes behind the bleeding that is being witnessed. Your vet will also inquire with you about behavioral changes that you may have noticed, especially the symptoms that we described above previously.
Depending on the extent of the bleeding, local application of Yunnan Baiyao around the rectal area can give immediate relief to your pet. In most cases, it has been observed that doing so quickly recedes the bleeding.
As with a lot of other situations, oral ingestion of Yunnan Baiyao capsules along with local application might further hasten the relief process by stopping bleeding quickly.
This detailed piece about the rather unique TCM (Traditional Chinese Medicine) called Yunnan Baiyao has highlighted its efficacy against an entire barrage of infections and diseases afflicting your beloved pet dog. When it comes to mitigating bleeding, Yunnan Baiyao has literally proved its worth in gold.
It is for this reason that veterinarians in the West have rapidly started to adapt and recommend Yunnan Baiyao in a variety of situations where bleeding occurs. While we commonly think of bleeding as being an external occurrence, this article has shown that there can be multiple situations (especially various kinds of dog cancers) where the bleeding that takes place is internal. In such scenarios, while you cannot physically see the bleeding, you can clearly notice your pet to be in a significant state of discomfort. This is clearly not a situation pet owners want to find themselves in.
Yunnan Baiyao helps take away the helplessness that many pet owners, unfortunately, find themselves in. Therefore, a prominent objective of this article is to encourage pet owners like you to consider administering Yunnan Baiyao to their pets, anytime they see (or sense) their pets to be bleeding.
Having said that, the importance of professional intervention cannot be ruled out under any circumstances. Remember that Yunnan Baiyao is essentially a remedy for immediate mitigation of bleeding. It is by no means a cure for that. once you have stopped or minimized bleeding in your pet, it is essential that you take it to the vet as soon as possible. The vet will then perform a thorough examination to check for the reasons behind the bleeding that is taking place.
As this article has indicated, there could be a plethora of medical conditions behind the bleeding. They all have their respective treatment methods. Unless those methods are deployed, the illness or disease in question – and thus the resultant bleeding, will not be cured.
A final note regarding the use of Yunnan Baiyao for managing to bleed effectively in humans; remember that research on this front is still ongoing. Notwithstanding the historical instances where Yunnan Baiyao was put to use to alleviate bleeding in soldiers engaged in combat, we do not recommend its regular use in humans just yet. Instead, we suggest that let the results of additional research on using Yunnan Baiyao among humans come out. If those results are positive, and there is a bright green signal for deploying Yunnan Baiyao in humans, then there is clearly no harm in doing so.
Till then, it is recommended that we stick to Yunnan Baiyao Capsules.
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